Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1937 – Rio de Janeiro, 1980
In 1954, Hélio Oiticica started his education at MAM – Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro as a student of artist Ivan Serpa, who introduced him to geometric abstraction. One of Oiticica’s main legacies was his participation in the Neoconcrete movement (1959), that redefined the relationship between art and the spectator. In 26 years of career, the artist built works that incorporate the audience participation and take over space (at first exhibition spaces, then public ones). His interest in color was a common thread during this path.
Among his most important exhibitions are the Whitechapel Experience at the Whitechapel Gallery in London (England, 1969), and at the MoMA – Museum of Modern Art in New York (USA, 1970). Recently, both MASP – Museu de Arte São Paulo and MAM – Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro presented retrospective exhibitions of his work.