Popular name: Brazilwood
Scientific name: Paubrasilia echinata
The Brazilwood or Pau-Brasil is the tree that lends its name to the country. It has several thorns on the youngest branches and usually blooms in spring. It was very used in civil and naval construction, however, its main value lays in the ‘brazilin,’ a dye obtained from the log and very used to dye fabric and to produce ink for pens.
Nowadays, it is the preferred wood of musicians in the making of violin arches. It is also used to afforest cities, which helps reducing its risk of endangerment.