Brazilwood - Inhotim

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Brazilwood

Popular name: Brazilwood
Scientific name: Paubrasilia echinata

Pau-Brasil Inhotim
The reddish pigment that distinguishes the species has commercial value since the colonial period of Brazil. Photo: João Marcos Rosa/Nitro.
Pau-Brasil Inhotim
In 2004, the species officially entered the list of endangered trees. Photo: João Marcos Rosa/Nitro.

The Brazilwood or Pau-Brasil is the tree that lends its name to the country. It has several thorns on the youngest branches and usually blooms in spring. It was very used in civil and naval construction, however, its main value lays in the ‘brazilin,’ a dye obtained from the log and very used to dye fabric and to produce ink for pens.

Nowadays, it is the preferred wood of musicians in the making of violin arches. It is also used to afforest cities, which helps reducing its risk of endangerment.

Pau-Brasil Inhotim
Between the months of November and January, the maturation of fruits takes place as they writhe to release the seeds. Photo: João Marcos Rosa/Nitro.

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