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  • Novembro, 26. 2013

    Inhotim press room


    botany

    Leitura: 3 min

    Butterfly garden

    Butterfly garden

    They are always there. Flying around Inhotim, resting between plants and artworks. With various shapes and colors, the park’s butterflies are not there by chance: they are a sign that nature and man coexist in harmony at the Institute.

    In 2011, the Institute was listed as a Botanic Garden, and besides maintaining different plant collections, Inhotim develops botanical research on its environment. One of these studies particularly focuses on the Institute’s butterfly community. In partnership with Centro Unversitário UNA, from Belo Horizonte, researchers from Inhotim’s Department of Environmental Management have conducted this study since May 2012, aiming to map frugivores (which feed on decaying fruit, minerals and feces) and nectarivores (which feed on flower nectar and pollen) present at the visitation area at Inhotim. So far, more than 200 types of these insects have been identified, some of which rare in the region.

    In addition to scientific papers, the project yielded several developments, such as the Among Butterflies Theme Circuit, a tour that allows visitors to learn about how species are captured and identified, and also to learn how the animals are archived and displayed. “Our goal is to educate visitors on the importance of butterflies as a biological indicator for the environment and also unveiling myths,” says Cristiane Hubner, environmental assistant at Inhotim and one of the students responsible for the initiative. Also, an Photo Guide is currently being developed and there is a proposal for the creation of a butterfly garden.

    In partnership with Cerâmica Oti – factory that operates in the Institute and produces unique pieces for Inhotim gift shops – also created a line of products decorated with images of different butterflies identified during the study. “These products are utilities such as plates, mugs, cups, cake pans and even jugs. “The visitor can take home a product that mixes art and environmental awareness in many levels, from the concept to the choice of nonpolluting materials,” says Lea Diegues, artist responsible for the collection.

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    Novembro, 19. 2013

    Inhotim press room


    botanytamboril

    Leitura: 3 min

    In the heart of Inhotim

    In the heart of Inhotim

    One does not need to go a long way into Inhotim to bump into one of the largest and most beautiful trees in the park: the Tamboril. The specimen, located in the central area of the Institute, is an invitation for whoever is wandering around to go and take pictures. Moreover, Tamboril encourages you to rest underneath its shade or perhaps just gaze at it for a couple minutes. The tree is a popular hangout amongst visitors.

    The story of Tamboril, or Enterolobium contortisiliquum, is intertwined with the story of Inhotim itself. The tree is believed to be from 80 to 100 years old, thus being one of Inhotim’s oldest assets. One of the restaurants in the park has been named after the specimen, which has remained in the same place ever since the region was a small village. Additionally, it is the inspiration for some of the ceramic artworks produced at the park, which have the tree painted on them.

    Tamboril is an abundant species of our flora. Being deciduous, it loses its leaves seasonally. Its canopy reaches from 20 to 35 meters of height and it may range from between 80 and 160 inches of trunk diameter. It is a fast initial growth tree, which makes it well suited for reforestation. Its fruits are curvy and semi-hardwood, kidney or ear-shaped and may contain from two to twelve shiny brown seeds. Due to that, the tree has been granted several popular nicknames over the years, one of them being “Monkey’s Ears”.

    In spite of being large and thick, the Tamboril wood is light, soft and very resistant. Due to that, it is often used to make canoes, toys, plywood and crates in general.

    Since it is a waterbed tree, it was customary for washerwomen in the past to use Tamboril seeds and peels to wash clothing, as they contain soaping properties. Nowadays, several institutions are carrying out more thorough research on Enterolobium contortisiliquum. The Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), for instance, has discovered the existence of a protein in the plant’s seeds, which has been extracted and proven to have powerful antitumor, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant and antithrombotic action.

    Popular Name: Tamboril or Monkey’s ear

    Scientific name: Enterolobium contortisiliquum

    Family: Fabaceae

    Occurrence: rain and semi-deciduous forests all over Brazil’s territory

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    Novembro, 19. 2013

    Inhotim press room


    artyayoi kusama

    Leitura: 3 min

    Creative Obsession

    Creative Obsession

    Yayoi Kusama was still a child when she experienced her first hallucinations. The Japanese girl’s mind was then, inhabited by dots, balls and phallic shapes, which led to a compulsive disorder diagnosis. Aged eleven, the girl found a way to deal with her condition in using creativity. Currently, at the age of 84, still seeing the same shapes, she carries on working. The circular patterns, which have become a trademark for the artist, who is among Inhotim’s collection can be seen until January of 2014 in the works being displayed at Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil do Rio de Janeiro.

    Infinite Obsession features paintings, installations, videos, sculptures and other works, comprising Kusama’s first solo exhibition in Brazil. The CCBB visitor is invited to appreciate various artworks, such as Infinity Mirror Room — Phalli’s Field (1965), Fireflies on the Water (2012).  and Obliteration Room. The latter work is an interactive installation which was first conceived for the QueenslandArtGallery in 2002

    and invites the audience to share the artist ‘s obsession by pasting colored polka-dot stickers on a white room’s wall (see TateShots’ flabbergasting final result of the installation in London)

    Evocando o mito de Narciso, no Inhotim o visitante é convidado a apreciar sua própria imagem em um das  500 esferas de aço que flutuam sobre um espelho d’água. / Foto: Daniela Paoliello.

    The myth of Narcissus: Inhotim’s visitors are encouraged to appreciate their own reflection in one of the 500 steel balls floating on the water mirror. Photo: Daniela Paoliello.

     

    If you have been to Inhotim before, you are probably acquainted with the Narcissus garden Inhotim (2009). It is a version of a former artwork set up for the 33rd Venice Biennale. At the time, Yayoi Kusama surreptitiously spread 1,500 mirrored balls on the official pavilions’ lawn. While wandering about, the visitor would then pass by the installation and see the sign she had placed between the spheres, which read: “Your narcissism for sale.” The price?  $2 a piece. The artist was removed from the festival, where she would only set foot again 27 years later, now as a guest.

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    Novembro, 19. 2013

    Inhotim press room


    artopening

    Leitura: 3 min

    Disputing space

    Disputing space

     Concrete, iron, glass and wood. Those are some of the materials which artist Marcius Galan uses for his works, a genuine challenge to perception. Indianopolis-born, the American, who was brought up São Paulo, attended the Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation (Faap), a nationwide renowned institution which is a reference for plastic arts. Galan has been influenced by a vast number of artists, amongst which the Brazilians Waltercio Caldas and Cildo Meireles, as well as the American Gordon Matta-Clark, are entitled to a special highlight.

    Pondering on the concepts of movement, precision and balance, Marcius believes that illusion and reality walk side-by-side. “Many of my works might as well be faced as mathematical experiences. A line, for instance, has an apparent beginning and  end, but, at the same time, contains an infinite number of points.  The transgression of this notion of space is a fascinating thing. It is proof that we seek for measures and patterns in things which, in their essence, cannot be defined “, he says.

    At Inhotim, the artist has two works being exhibited. The first one, Seção Diagonal (2008), has been on display in Galeria Mata since 2010. Discovery and enchantment are amongst the feelings experienced by viewers when face-to-face with the presence of something that, in fact, does not exist. Finally, as part of the latest 2013 openings, the artist has set up his second work: Imóvel/Instável (2011). The art work, exhibited at Galeria Praça (the square gallery) plays around with notions of static mobility, evoking a of false movement idea. “The limit to space is variable and relative. What seems unbalanced can be in perfect balance provided it is analyzed all in all, “says Marcius Galan.

    Marcius Galan explains his latest work at the Inhotim: Imóvel/Instável. Check out the video:

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